32: Sīc = thus
33: Secuit -- The subject of this verb is
34: Why is 'foret' in the subjunctive?
35: glomerō, 1, to collect
35-38: The Scansion here starts one syllable away from the shortest line (11 syllables) and ends with a 16 liner as Chaos adds water in the middle of the Earth. How does this shift in meter effect the meaning?
36: tumesco, tumescere, tumuī, to swell; become inflamed with pride/passion
Freta is the direct object and Chaos is once again the subject.
38: lacus, lacūs, m. = small lake, pond-lake;
39: How does the Golden Line here enhance the meaning?
41: "Partim...partim" = "Some...others"
42: "Which, some distanced from the sea feed themselves" -- Some rivers do not have any contact with the sea and just fade into deltas/swamps/lakes.
45: totidem, totidem, totidem, the same, as many; just so/as many; the equivalent number of
46: Quinta est ardenti illis: 'the fifth' refers to the fifth element, the aether, after water, earth, fire and air.
48: cūra, -ae, f. concern, worry, anxiety, trouble, care, cure
49-50: The heat refers to the Sahara Desert, two covered by tall snow refer to the north and south pole, which they knew to be cold (although they thought Scotland was the North Pole...).
50: 'Alta' goes with 'nix' and 'alta' here means tall, not deep as the two are mountains.
52: inmineō, inmenēre, to threaten
55-56: Use 'cōnsistere' as a complementary infinitive for all main verbs here: "and the thunders about to disturb the civilized minds to pause,
and winds making lightning with a flash to pause"
57: passim = everywhere
61: Nabataeaus, –a, –um, Persian
64: Scythia is the present day region of present-day Ukraine, west to the Himalayas, and north enough to present-day Moscow.
Septem Triōnēs: Seven Bear Stars
67: "Gravitate" is the object of "Carentem"
68: terrenus, -a, -um, terrestrial, earthly
69: līmitibus ... certīs: together these speak of the now solid boundaries that Chaos erected from the jumbled heap, how there is a boundary between land and sky, land and water, water and sky, sky and space, etc.
77: desum, deesse, defui, defuturus, to neglect, be lacking, desert
80: The Earth (Gaia was seduced by the Sky (Ouranous) and together they made the Titan Iapetus, who is referred to later.
tellus, -ūs, f. The Earth
82: Quam satus Iapeto: He who was born by Iapetus. refers to Prometheus who created man. He, born from Iapetus, shaped her (the earth, as clay) mixed with water
into the form of the gods checking everything,
87: rudis, -is, -e, undeveloped, rough, wild; coarse;
Sīc ubi dispositam quisquis fuit ille deōrum